Dysgraphia is a specificlearning disability that affects writing skills, which include spelling, handwriting, and comprehension (organizing words, sentences, and paragraphs). Writing requires a complex set of fine motor and language processing skills. For children with dysgraphia, the writing process is harder and slower.
Compared to other learning disabilities likedyslexia or dyscalculia, dysgraphia is less known and less diagnosed. It may tend to get overshadowed by other symptoms. Also, standardized tests are not available to correctly diagnose the problem.
It is important to understand that slow or untidy writing is not a sign of dysgraphia. It could also be possible that a child has trouble hearing and hence may not be able to hear what is being said and then express it in writing. An audiometry test can be conducted to rule out hearing problem.
The signs and severity of dysgraphia differ from one child to another. These signs also vary during each stage of childhood.
Some of the difficulties observed during each stage of childhood are provided here:
Preschool:Kids may have difficulty in
Primary and middle school: Children may have difficulty in
Teenagers and adolescents: They may have difficulty in
Researchers have not identified the exact cause of dysgraphia but they observe that it could be due the brain's inability to process information accurately.
Parents and teachers may observe the signs of dysgraphia in a child in preschool, but most of the times, these signs go unnoticed. The earlier the condition is identified and addressed, the easier it is for the child to overcome the difficulty.
Experts conduct certain assessments and writing tests to measure fine motor skills and the writing process before identifying the condition.
Like with every other learning disability, dysgraphia cannot be cured. However, with timely support and intervention you can help the child improve his or her writing skills. You can take the help of special education experts to try out different learning methods and identify which one works best for your child.
Parents and specialists can work together and use some of these alternative methods: